Samoyed standard PDF Print E-mail


(Samoiedskaïa Sabaka)

FCI-Standard N°212 / 09. 01. 1999 / GB

ORIGIN : Northern Russia and Siberia.

PATRONAGE : Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).


UTILIZATION : Sledge- and companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 5           Spitz and primitive types.

Section 1         Nordic sledge dogs. Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :  The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern Russia and Siberia.  In Southern parts of the area they used white, black and brown parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the northern parts the dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament and were used as hunting- and sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs lived close to their owners, they even slept within the shelters and were used as heaters.  The British zoologist Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889.  Returning to England he brought with him a brown male puppy called « Sabarka ».  Later he imported a cream coloured bitch called  « Whitey  Petchora » from the western side of the Urals and a snow white male called « Musti » from Siberia.  These few dogs and those brought by the explorers are the base for the western Samoyed.  The first standard was written in England in 1909.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz.  In appearence gives the impression of power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and self-confidence.

The expression, the so called « Samoyed Smile », is made up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the slightly curved up corners of the mouth.  The sex should be clearly stamped.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers.  The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT : Friendly, open, alert and lively.    The hunting instinct is very slight.  Never shy nor aggressive.  Very social and cannot be used as guard dog.

HEAD : Powerful and wedge-shaped.


Skull : viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex.  Broadest between the ears. Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.

Stop : Clearly defined but not too prominent.